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Anaemia in Cancer: European School of Oncology Scientific Updates (European Practice in Gynaecology and Obstetrics)

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Pages: 236

Language: English

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: Elsevier: 1 edition (10 Oct. 2001)

By: C. Bokemeyer (Editor)

This volume provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of the pathogenesis, treatment and treatment effects of chronic anaemia of cancer as well as chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-induced anaemia. It is the result of a joint effort by the members of the European School of Oncology (ESO) Task Force on Anaemia in Cancer and the participants of an ESO Symposium on this topic. Anaemia is a frequent complication of cancer and has been identified as a negative prognostic factor for clinical outcome in cancer patients. In addition, there is evidence that tissue hypoxia contributes to the progression of malignant disease by inducing a more malignant phenotype, stimulating angiogenesis within tumour tissues, and diminishing the sensitivity of tumour cells to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These problems have long remained unchallenged due to the fact that the traditional treatment for anaemia - the transfusion of red blood cells - has significant limitations. This situation has changed dramatically with the introduction of recombinant human erythropoietin, which acts as an important physiological stimulator of human erythropoiesis. The beneficial effects of erythropoietin markedly exceed those of transfusions. Erythropoietin can lead to complete, long-term normalization of anaemia which in turn results in a significant improvement in anaemic cancer patients' quality of life and physical exercise capacity.


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